History & Monuments

Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is situated slightly north of central Bohemia on the Vltava River. In its present form, Prague has developed eleven centuries. As the historical capital of Bohemia was once the seat of Czech princes and kings and the Roman-German emperors.

Prague is widely considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The historic town center with a unique panorama of Prague Castle, the largest castle complex in the world, list on the UNESCO.

Staromestske namesti (Old Town Square) is the most important square of the oldest part of royal town of Prague and center of its eventful history with famous Astronomical Clock (Orloj), with the statue of reformer Jan Hus and the gothic Tyn Church towering over the square.

This vast open space is flanked by a pleasing blend of carefully restored architectural styles: Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque - more can be found in any tourist information office or in article Art of Building in Prague.

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Karluv most (Charles Bridge) joints Stare Mesto (Old Town) and Mala Strana (Little Quarter). It was built in 1357 to replace an earlier Romanesque bridge from the second half of the 12th century and known as Judith Bridge after a Bohemian queen.

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Prazsky hrad (Prague castle) the largest collection of wonders in the city, Prague Castle is and amalgamation of architecture from differing period. It served as mansion of Czech kings and now it is the seat of President - more can be found in any Prague tourist information office in city center of Prague.

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Vaclavske namesti (Wenceslas Square), originally the Horse Market, is now the center of the city. The square was founded together with the New Town (1348) as its central area. The National Museum and the statue of Saint Wenceslas dominate its upper slope. This is where the crowds traditionally come to demonstrate, amongst other events this was where, in 1989, thousands gathered to speed the end of communism – more could be found in any Prague tourist information in city center of Prague.

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Petrin View Tower (60m high) built in 1891 is a copy of the Eiffel Tower in Paris. 299 steps lead up to the top platform. The last renovation was in 2002.

In the surroundings you can visit the mirror maze (hall with distorting mirrors), spend time in unique rose garden or just walk along the beautiful park.

From April to October the tower is open daily. From November to March it is open during weekend days only.

Rudolfinum - the neo-renaissance house was building between 1876 - 1884, originally designed for a picture gallery, collection of antiquities and concerts. Crown prince Rudolf became the patron of the project and the building was named after him. In the years 1918 - 1938 and 1945 - 1946 it housed the National Assembly. The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra found its seat there in 1946. The last renovation was in 1990-1992. The main hall - the Dvorak Hall - is world famous as a place where the Prague Spring and Prague Autumn music festival concerts take place every year.

Vysehrad dates back to the mid-10th century. In the latter half of the 11th and in the 12th century Vysehrad used to be the Przemyslides princes' main residence. There is the precious Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin, the gothic church of St. Peter and, rebuilt in 19th century in the neo-gothic style, the Vysehrad cemetery used as a burial site of the Czech outstanding personalities since 1869 and the underground casemates housing the originals of several baroque statues from the Charles Bridge. The Vysehrad site is open daily.

Prague Jewish Town (Josefov) - Josef II (Austrian emperor) helped to better living for the Jewish and so the Jewish Quarter has been named after him. You will probably know name Franz Kafka or mystical creature Golem...

Main sights:

The Old - New Synagogue (from 13th century) is the oldest European synagogue still serving its purpose and one of the oldest all over the world.

Old Jewish Cemetery is the oldest European surviving Jewish cemetery (founded in 1478).

others: Maisel Synagogue, Spanish Synagogue, Pinkas Synagogue, Klausen Synagogue, High Synagogue, Jewish Town Hal, Church of the Holy Ghost, St Agnes's Convent

Zizkov Television Tower (216 m high) was put into service 18th of February 1992. The structure is composed of three steel body tubes. In the main one, there are two personal lifts, one cargo lift in the second and a staircase in the third tube. A lookout cabin is situated in the height of 97 m, a restaurant by 34 m below it. The tower is open daily.

Read more about history of Prague. To see more before visiting the places you can read articles Prague Views and Towers and Historical development of Prague.

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